Comment construire un escalier en bois

TEMPS REQUIS: 2-4 heures
DIFFICULTÉ: Avancé
Un escalier droit est un projet de bricolage que de nombreux propriétaires peuvent réaliser avec les bons outils et un peu de conseils. Des options prêtes à l’emploi sont disponibles auprès des fabricants de l’industrie, mais la construction d’escaliers à partir de zéro est une option moins coûteuse qui laisse de la place pour les personnalisations. Ce guide vous expliquera comment construire un escalier dans votre maison.

Recueillir les mesures

two people measuring wood to build a staircase

  • Avant de commencer à construire des escaliers, vous devrez prendre des mesures de l’espace.
    Utilisez un ruban à mesurer pour calculer la distance, en pouces, du sol au sommet du nouvel escalier. C’est ce qu’on appelle l’augmentation totale.Conseil: assurez-vous de prendre en compte l’épaisseur des sols lors de la collecte de ces informations. La moquette, le rembourrage et le sous-plancher jouent tous un rôle dans l’épaisseur du plancher.

    2 Calculez la pente de l’escalier

two people calculating the slope of a new staircase

  • Il existe de nombreuses façons de décider de la meilleure pente pour la conception de votre escalier. Ces détails doivent être choisis en fonction de vos besoins personnels et de la quantité d’espace disponible.
  • Vous devrez également vous assurer que la pente est conforme à votre code du bâtiment, alors vérifiez auprès de votre département local des affaires communautaires pour plus de détails.
  • Pour une pente standard, divisez votre mesure d’élévation totale par le nombre 7. Il s’agit de la hauteur d’élévation standard.
  • Par exemple, si la hauteur totale mesure 10 5 pouces, 105 divisé par 7 est égal à 15. Cela signifie que chaque colonne montante doit mesurer 7 pouces de haut.

    3 Accrochez les limons d’escalier

two people hanging staircase stringers

  • Lors du démarrage de la construction de l’escalier, vous devrez décider comment les limons se connecteront à l’étage supérieur et inférieur.
  • Les limons, également connus sous le nom de limon, sont la partie extérieure du boîtier de l’escalier. Ils gardent les escaliers sécurisés de chaque côté.
  • Les limons d’escalier prédécoupés sont disponibles dans une variété de tailles pour rendre cette partie du projet un peu plus facile.
  • Coupez une encoche le long du bas de chaque limon pour l’espace afin de le positionner sur une coupe de bois traité sous pression de 2 po x 4 po.
  • Utilisez des supports de solive courants pour fixer solidement le limon au niveau supérieur.
  • Ensuite, calez le 2 x 4 entre les encoches inférieures et fixez-le avec des vis à bois.Astuce: si vous préférez fabriquer vos propres limons d’escalier, utilisez un carré de menuisier et des jauges d’escalier pour couper les encoches du cadre et tailler la structure.

    4 Installez les contremarches et les marches

a man installing a tread on a new staircase

  • La contremarche fait référence à la partie verticale de la marche, tandis que la bande de roulement est la pièce horizontale qui relie les escaliers lorsque vous montez.
  • Utilisez une scie circulaire pour couper les contremarches à la longueur de chaque bande de roulement.
  • Fixez-les aux limons avec des vis à bois.
  • Lorsque vous installez une contremarche, positionnez et fixez la bande de roulement correspondante afin de pouvoir monter avec précaution à l’étape suivante pour l’installation.

    5 Installer une main courante d’escalier (en option)

a man securing the handrail to a newly built staircase

  • Selon l’endroit où vous construisez les escaliers, vous devrez peut-être installer des rampes d’escalier pour rester conforme aux codes du bâtiment.
  • Des options prédéfinies sont disponibles dans une variété de styles pour se coordonner avec pratiquement tous les escaliers, mais vous pouvez également en créer un à partir de zéro.
  • Consultez notre guide sur la façon de remplacer ou d’installer une rampe d’escalier pour plus d’informations.

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